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马建国 侯扶江 SamanBOWATTE

引用本文: 马建国,侯扶江,Saman BOWATTE. 青藏高原高寒草甸有毒植物对土壤理化性质和土壤微生物丰度的影响. 草业科学, 2019, 36(12): 3033-3040. doi: shu
Citation:  MA J G, HOU F J, BOWATTE S. Effects of toxic plants on soil physicochemical properties and soil microbial abundance in an alpine meadow on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Pratacultural Science, 2019, 36(12): 3033-3040. doi: shu

青藏高原高寒草甸有毒植物对土壤理化性质和土壤微生物丰度的影响

    作者简介: 马建国(1995-),男,在读硕士生,研究方向为退化草地有毒植物。E-mail: .cn;
    通讯作者: SamanBOWATTE, .cn
  • 基金项目: 长江学者和创新团队发展计划项目(IRT-17R250);国家自然科学基金(31672472);甘肃省现代草食畜产业技术体系(GARS-08)

摘要: 草地退化促进有毒植物迅速扩张,已对我国青藏高原高寒草甸植物群落多样性和生产力构成了严重威胁。已有研究表明,有毒植物入侵影响植物群落,但有毒植物对地下生物及生物过程的影响研究较少。本研究调查了在高寒草甸草地上生长的5种主要有毒植物[甘肃棘豆(Oxytropis kansuensis)、瑞香狼毒(Stellera chamaejasme)、披针叶黄华(Thermopsis lanceolata)、麻花艽(Gentiana straminea)、黄帚橐吾(Ligularia virgaurea)]对土壤特性和微生物丰度的影响,并将这些影响和无毒牧草[垂穗披碱草(Elymus nutans)]对土壤特性和微生物丰度的影响进行了比较。研究发现,与无毒牧草垂穗披碱草相比,除麻花艽以外,所有有毒植物均显著增加了土壤全碳、全氮和微生物生物量碳(P < 0.05),但对土壤pH没有显著影响。此外,有毒植物对土壤细菌、氨氧化细菌和反硝化细菌丰度有显著影响(P < 0.05),但对土壤真菌丰度没有影响。结果表明,青藏高原有毒植物的扩张对土壤特性和土壤微生物有显著的影响,并且这些影响可能对草地生产力产生显著影响。

English

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  • 重庆欢乐生肖

    图 1  重庆欢乐生肖 有毒和无毒植物对土壤特性的影响

    Figure 1.  重庆欢乐生肖 Effects of toxic and non-toxic plants on soil properties

    图 2  有毒和无毒植物对土壤微生物基因丰度影响

    Figure 2.  重庆欢乐生肖 Effects of toxic and non-toxic plants on soil microbial gene abundance

    图 3  植物与土壤理化性质和微生物丰度相关性分析

    Figure 3.  Correlation analysis of plant and soil physicochemical properties and microbial abundance

    表 1  5种有毒和1种无毒植物特征

    Table 1.  Details of five toxic and one non-toxic plant species used in this experiment

    植物
    Plant
    毒害部位
    Toxic part of the plant
    有毒成分
    Toxic compound
    危害动物
    Susceptible animal
    豆科,甘肃棘豆
    Leguminosae, Oxytropis kansuensis (Oxy)
    全株有毒
    Whole plant is toxic
    吲哚里西啶生物碱苦马豆素
    Indolicidine alkaloid bitamonine
    马和绵羊
    Horse and sheep
    豆科,披针叶黄华
    Leguminosae, Thermopsis lanceolata (The)
    全株有毒
    Whole plant is toxic
    黄花碱奎诺里西啶类生物碱
    Anthracine quinolidine alkaloid
    各种动物
    All animals
    瑞香科,瑞香狼毒
    Thymelaeaceae, Stellera chamaejasme (Ste)
    全株有毒
    Whole plant is toxic
    异狼毒素黄酮类化合物
    Isochamaejasmin flavones
    各种动物
    All animals
    菊科,黄帚橐吾
    Compositae, Ligularia virgaurea (Lig)
    全株有毒
    Whole plant is toxic
    倍半萜和吡咯里西啶生物碱
    Sesquiterpene and pyrrolizidine alkaloids
    牛羊
    Cattle, Sheep
    龙胆科,麻花艽
    Gentianaceae, Gentiana straminea (Gen)
    全株小毒
    Whole plant poison
    龙胆苦苷环烯醚帖苷类化合物
    Gentiopicroside cycloenoside compounds
    作用小
    Weak toxicity effect on all animals
    禾本科,垂穗披碱草
    Gramineae, Elymus nutans (Ely)
    无毒
    Non toxic
    无毒
    Non toxic
    可食
    Palatable
    下载: 导出CSV

    表 2  引物信息及反应条件

    Table 2.  qPCR primer details and thermal conditions

    基因
    Gene
    引物
    Primer
    碱基序列
    Sequence (5′–3′)
    热循环条件
    Thermal cycle
    循环数
    Number of cycles
    参考文献
    Reference
    16S rDNA 515F GTGCCAGCMGCCGCGG 95 ℃/15 s, 60 ℃/30 s 35 [19]
    907R CCGTCAATTCMTTTRAGTTT 72 ℃/30 s, 80 ℃/30 s
    18S rDNA FF390 CGATAACGAACGAGACCT 95 ℃/15 s, 60 ℃/30 s, 72 ℃/1 min, 95 ℃/15 s 35 [20]
    FR1 AICCATTCAATCGGTAIT 70 ℃/15 s, 95 ℃/15 s
    Bacterial amoA gene amoA-1F GGGGTTTCTACTGGTGGT 94 ℃/60 s, 55 ℃/45 s 40 [21]
    amoA-2R CCCCTCGGGAAAGCCTTCTTCTTC 72 ℃/60 s
    nirS cd3af (GT(C/G))AACGT(C/G)AAGGA(A/G)AC(C/G)GG) 94 ℃/60 s 40 [22]
    R3cd GA(C/G)TTCGG(A/G)TG(C/G)GTCTTGA 57 ℃/60 s, 72 ℃/60 s [23]
    nosZ nosZ-F CG(C/T)TGTTC(A/C)TCGACAGCCAG 94 ℃/4 min, 94 ℃/30 s 40 [22]
    nosZ1622R CGC(G/A)A(C/G)GGCAA(G/C)AAGGT(G/C)CG 56 ℃/60 s, 72 ℃/60 s, 72 ℃/5 min
    下载: 导出CSV
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                  • 通讯作者:  SamanBOWATTE, .cn
                  • 收稿日期:  2018-08-02
                  • 网络出版日期:  2018-11-06
                  • 刊出日期:  2018-12-01
                  通讯作者: 陈斌,
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