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张洁 徐晓锋

引用本文: 张洁,徐晓锋. 幼龄反刍动物瘤胃菌群研究进展. 草业科学, 2020, 37(2): 363-369. doi: shu
Citation:  ZHANG J, XU X F. Research progress concerning the rumen microflora of juvenile ruminants. Pratacultural Science, 2020, 37(2): 363-369. doi: shu

幼龄反刍动物瘤胃菌群研究进展

    作者简介: 张洁(1994-),女,甘肃临洮人,在读硕士生,主要从事反刍动物营养研究。E-mail: ;
    通讯作者: 徐晓锋,
  • 基金项目:重庆欢乐生肖 国家自然科学基金“奶牛瘤胃纤维素酶基因多样性分析及寡糖对其表达诱导与调控的研究(31660675)”

摘要: 瘤胃菌群与反刍动物机体具有紧密的共生关系,稳定的菌群结构对动物机体营养物质的消化、吸收及动物机体自身的健康具有重要的作用。调节瘤胃菌群的结构,可使机体代谢、免疫等机能发生改变。但幼龄反刍动物瘤胃菌群的构建呈现出复杂的变化过程,受到多种因素的影响,而随着反刍动物日龄的增加其瘤胃菌群会逐渐趋向于一个动态平衡的局面。本文旨在综述幼龄反刍动物瘤胃菌群构建过程中,母体、日粮及环境等对其的影响,为生产实践中幼龄反刍动物的饲养管理和瘤胃菌群的调控提供参考。

English

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  • 重庆欢乐生肖

    表 1  重庆欢乐生肖 外部影响因素对瘤胃菌群的影响

    Table 1.  Effects of external factors on rumen microflora

    项目 Item结论 Conclusion文献 Reference
    共同生活环境
    Living environment
    具有共同生活环境的机体体内微生物相似度更高
    Higher similarity of microorganisms in organisms with a common living environment
    [36]
    温度
    Temperature
    高温降低微生物菌群的多样性和丰度
    High temperature will reduce the diversity and abundance of microbial flora
    [37]
    饮食习惯
    Dietary habits
    饮食的组成丰富度与微生物菌群的多样性和丰度正相关
    The composition richness of diet had positive correlation with the diversity and abundance of microbial flora
    [38]
    饲料添加剂及益生菌
    Feed additives and probiotics
    抗生素的使用抑制了菌群丰度及多样性,而益生元益生菌的添加有利于菌群丰度及多样性
    The abundance and diversity of microbial flora were inhibited by using antibiotics, but the addition of prebiotic probiotics were beneficial
    [38]
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                • 通讯作者:  徐晓锋,
                • 收稿日期:  2018-06-03
                • 刊出日期:  2019-02-01
                通讯作者: 陈斌,
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