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徐当会 李秋霞 张仁懿

引用本文: 徐当会,李秋霞,张仁懿. 硅氮添加对高寒草甸优势物种披针叶黄华生长及净光合速率的影响. 草业科学, 2020, 37(9): 1681-1687 doi: shu
Citation:  XU D H, LI Q X, ZHANG R Y. Effects of silicon and nitrogen fertilization on the growth and net photosynthetic rate of in an alpine meadow. Pratacultural Science, 2020, 37(9): 1681-1687 doi: shu

硅氮添加对高寒草甸优势物种披针叶黄华生长及净光合速率的影响

    通讯作者: 徐当会, .cn
摘要: 以青藏高原高寒草甸群落中披针叶黄华(Thermopsis lanceolate)为研究对象,通过施加氮肥(60 g·m–2)、施加不同浓度梯度硅肥(0、4、8、12 g·m–2)、同时施加氮肥硅肥的试验,研究氮硅添加对其生长及净光合速率的影响。结果表明: 1)在氮添加、硅添加以及氮硅同时添加下,披针叶黄华株高均有不同程度的增加;2)单独添加硅肥后,随着硅肥施用量的增加,其单株干重、叶片干重、比叶面积及净光合速率随着硅肥施用量的增加呈现先增加后减少的趋势;3)单独添加氮肥后,其单株干重、叶片干重、比叶面积及净光合速率显著下降(P < 0.05);4)与单独添加氮肥相比,硅氮肥同时添加(NSi1、NSi2、NSi3),均可提高植物的比叶面积和净光合速率;5)披针叶黄华的净光合速率与比叶面积具有显著正相关关系。综合研究发现,氮肥添加抑制披针叶黄华的生长,引起其净光合速率的下降,而添加氮肥的同时添加硅肥,对生长及净光合速率有促进作用。

English

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  • 重庆欢乐生肖

    图 1  重庆欢乐生肖 硅氮添加对披针叶黄华植株高度的影响

    Figure 1.  重庆欢乐生肖 Effects of Si and N addition on plant height

    图 2  重庆欢乐生肖 硅氮添加对披针叶黄华单株干重的影响

    Figure 2.  重庆欢乐生肖 Effects of Si and N addition on dry weight

    图 3  硅氮添加对披针叶黄华叶片干重的影响

    Figure 3.  Effects of Si and N addition on leaf dry weight

    图 4  硅氮添加对披针叶黄华比叶面积的影响

    Figure 4.  Effects of Si and N addition on specific leaf area

    图 5  硅氮添加对披针叶黄华净光合速率的影响

    Figure 5.  Effects of Si and N addition on net photosynthetic rate

    图 6  披针叶黄华净光合速率与比叶面积的相关性

    Figure 6.  Relationship between specific leaf area and net photosynthetic rate

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                          • 通讯作者:  徐当会, .cn
                          • 收稿日期:  2018-05-13
                          • 刊出日期:  2019-09-15
                          通讯作者: 陈斌,
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